Belgium has produced many outstanding artists from 1900 to 2020, who have made significant contributions to modern and contemporary art. While determining the "best" artists is subjective, here is a list of some prominent Belgian artists who made an impact during this time:
- René Magritte (1898-1967) - A leading figure in the Surrealist movement, Magritte is known for his thought-provoking, dreamlike paintings that often challenge the viewer's perception of reality.
- Paul Delvaux (1897-1994) - Another influential Surrealist painter, Delvaux's work often explores themes of dreams, desire, and the subconscious, featuring mysterious, atmospheric scenes populated by enigmatic figures.
- James Ensor (1860-1949) - Although his career began in the late 19th century, Ensor's innovative and provocative work continued to influence modern art well into the 20th century. He is known for his expressive use of color, satirical scenes, and evocative depictions of masks and carnivals.
- Pierre Alechinsky (b. 1927) - A prominent member of the CoBrA movement, Alechinsky's work is characterized by vibrant colors, energetic brushstrokes, and a blend of abstraction and figuration, often incorporating elements of calligraphy and Asian art.
- Marcel Broodthaers (1924-1976) - A key figure in conceptual art, Broodthaers' work spans various mediums, including sculpture, film, and installation, often exploring themes of language, representation, and the role of art institutions.
- Panamarenko (1940-2019) - A multimedia artist known for his imaginative, often whimsical sculptures and installations, Panamarenko's work frequently explores themes of flight, technology, and the boundaries between art and science.
- Jan Fabre (b. 1958) - A versatile artist working in various mediums such as sculpture, installation, performance, and theater, Fabre's work often addresses themes of metamorphosis, transformation, and the human condition.
- Luc Tuymans (b. 1958) - A prominent painter, Tuymans is known for his distinctive, often subdued palette and blurred, enigmatic imagery, which frequently addresses themes of history, memory, and the nature of representation.
- Michaël Borremans (b. 1963) - A contemporary painter, Borremans is known for his enigmatic, atmospheric scenes that often feature mysterious figures and subtle, suggestive narratives.
- Berlinde De Bruyckere (b. 1964) - A sculptor and installation artist, De Bruyckere's work often explores themes of vulnerability, fragility, and the human body, using materials such as wax, textiles, and metal to create evocative, unsettling pieces.
Please note that this list is not exhaustive, and many other talented Belgian artists have emerged and made significant contributions to the art world between 1900 and 2020. The artists mentioned above are just a few examples of the diverse and dynamic art scene in Belgium during this period.