The period from 1990 to 1999 saw the emergence of numerous influential and celebrated artists in the contemporary art world. While determining the "best" artists is subjective, here is a list of some prominent artists who made an impact during this time:
- Damien Hirst (United Kingdom) - A leading figure of the Young British Artists (YBAs) movement, Hirst is known for his provocative installations and sculptures, often featuring themes of life, death, and mortality. His work gained significant attention during the 1990s.
- Cindy Sherman (United States) - A renowned photographer and filmmaker, Sherman is famous for her conceptual self-portraits, often exploring themes of identity, gender, and the role of women in society. Her work was highly influential in the 1990s.
- Jeff Koons (United States) - A prominent contemporary artist, Koons is known for his large-scale sculptures and installations that often reference popular culture and challenge notions of value and taste in the art world.
- Tracey Emin (United Kingdom) - Another influential member of the YBAs, Emin is known for her deeply personal and confessional artworks, spanning various mediums such as painting, drawing, installation, and neon sculptures.
- Rachel Whiteread (United Kingdom) - A prominent member of the YBAs, Whiteread is known for her sculptures and installations that often involve casting negative spaces, exploring themes of memory, absence, and domesticity.
- Anish Kapoor (India/United Kingdom) - Known for his large-scale sculptures and installations, Kapoor often explores themes of space, form, and perception, creating visually captivating experiences.
- Felix Gonzalez-Torres (United States/Cuba) - A conceptual artist known for his minimalist installations and sculptures, Gonzalez-Torres often used everyday materials to create evocative works that touched on themes of love, loss, and memory.
- Shirin Neshat (Iran/United States) - A visual artist working with photography, video, and film, Neshat explores themes of identity, gender, and politics, often focusing on the experiences of Muslim women and the complexities of Iranian culture.
- Jenny Holzer (United States) - A conceptual artist known for her text-based works, Holzer often uses LED signs, projections, and other media to display provocative statements and explore themes of power, language, and perception.
- Matthew Barney (United States) - A multimedia artist, Barney is best known for his "Cremaster" series of films, which blend sculpture, performance, and video to create complex narratives that explore themes of biology, mythology, and creation.
Please note that this list is not exhaustive, and many other talented artists emerged and made significant contributions to the art world between 1990 and 1999. The artists mentioned above are just a few examples of the diverse and dynamic contemporary art scene during this period.